TY - JOUR

T1 - Chaotic chimera attractors in a triangular network of identical oscillators

AU - Lee, Seungjae

AU - Krischer, Katharina

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 American Physical Society.

PY - 2023/5

Y1 - 2023/5

N2 - A prominent type of collective dynamics in networks of coupled oscillators is the coexistence of coherently and incoherently oscillating domains known as chimera states. Chimera states exhibit various macroscopic dynamics with different motions of the Kuramoto order parameter. Stationary, periodic and quasiperiodic chimeras are known to occur in two-population networks of identical phase oscillators. In a three-population network of identical Kuramoto-Sakaguchi phase oscillators, stationary and periodic symmetric chimeras were previously studied on a reduced manifold in which two populations behaved identically [Phys. Rev. E 82, 016216 (2010)1539-375510.1103/PhysRevE.82.016216]. In this paper, we study the full phase space dynamics of such three-population networks. We demonstrate the existence of macroscopic chaotic chimera attractors that exhibit aperiodic antiphase dynamics of the order parameters. We observe these chaotic chimera states in both finite-sized systems and the thermodynamic limit outside the Ott-Antonsen manifold. The chaotic chimera states coexist with a stable chimera solution on the Ott-Antonsen manifold that displays periodic antiphase oscillation of the two incoherent populations and with a symmetric stationary chimera solution, resulting in tristability of chimera states. Of these three coexisting chimera states, only the symmetric stationary chimera solution exists in the symmetry-reduced manifold.

AB - A prominent type of collective dynamics in networks of coupled oscillators is the coexistence of coherently and incoherently oscillating domains known as chimera states. Chimera states exhibit various macroscopic dynamics with different motions of the Kuramoto order parameter. Stationary, periodic and quasiperiodic chimeras are known to occur in two-population networks of identical phase oscillators. In a three-population network of identical Kuramoto-Sakaguchi phase oscillators, stationary and periodic symmetric chimeras were previously studied on a reduced manifold in which two populations behaved identically [Phys. Rev. E 82, 016216 (2010)1539-375510.1103/PhysRevE.82.016216]. In this paper, we study the full phase space dynamics of such three-population networks. We demonstrate the existence of macroscopic chaotic chimera attractors that exhibit aperiodic antiphase dynamics of the order parameters. We observe these chaotic chimera states in both finite-sized systems and the thermodynamic limit outside the Ott-Antonsen manifold. The chaotic chimera states coexist with a stable chimera solution on the Ott-Antonsen manifold that displays periodic antiphase oscillation of the two incoherent populations and with a symmetric stationary chimera solution, resulting in tristability of chimera states. Of these three coexisting chimera states, only the symmetric stationary chimera solution exists in the symmetry-reduced manifold.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85159665482&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevE.107.054205

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevE.107.054205

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85159665482

SN - 2470-0045

VL - 107

JO - Physical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics

JF - Physical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics

IS - 5

M1 - 054205

ER -