Carrier concentration dependent photoluminescence properties of Si-doped InAs nanowires

M. Sonner, J. Treu, K. Saller, H. Riedl, J. J. Finley, G. Koblmüller

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Abstract

We report the effects of intentional n-type doping on the photoluminescence (PL) properties of InAs nanowires (NWs). Employing silicon (Si) as a dopant in molecular beam epitaxy grown NWs, the n-type carrier concentration is tuned between 1 × 1017 cm-3 and 3 × 1018 cm-3 as evaluated from Fermi-tail fits of the high-energy spectral region. With the increasing carrier concentration, the PL spectra exhibit a distinct blueshift (up to ∼50 meV), ∼2-3-fold peak broadening, and a redshift of the low-energy tail, indicating both the Burstein-Moss shift and bandgap narrowing. The low-temperature bandgap energy (EG) decreases from ∼0.44 eV (n ∼ 1017 cm-3) to ∼0.41 eV (n ∼ 1018 cm-3), following a ΔEG ∼ n1/3 dependence. Simultaneously, the PL emission is quenched nearly 10-fold, while the pump-power dependent analysis of the integrated PL intensity evidences a typical 2/3-power-law scaling, indicative of non-radiative Auger recombination at high carrier concentrations. Carrier localization and activation at stacking defects are further observed in undoped InAs NWs by temperature-dependent measurements but are absent in Si-doped InAs NWs due to the increased Fermi energy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number091904
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume112
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 26 Feb 2018

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