Canine stem cell factor augments expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 by CD34 cells

L. K. Ostronoff, E. Kremmer, M. L. Fermín, C. Fragío, H. J. Mysliwietz, H. J. Kolb, Concepción Tejero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Canine models have proved to be predictive of clinical findings in human bone marrow (BM) transplantation; consequently, the utilization of dogs is an excellent tool for supporting therapeutic purposes. Considering the role of growth factors in homing and mobilization of hematopoietic progenitors, the aim of this work was to evaluate whether canine stem cell factor (cSCF) contributes to matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 secretion by CD34 cells. Methods: The study was carried out in a cell population selected by immunomagnetic techniques using the anti-canine CD34 monoclonal antibody (MAb) 3B4 produced by us. Secretion of MMP-9 was evaluated by zymography. Results: Analyzes of canine CD34+ cells guaranteed that the MAb 3B4 was optimum for selecting a subset population with defined characteristics of primitive hematopoietic cells. The isolated cells were able to proliferate onto irradiated pre-established stroma, giving rise to mature neutrophils. There was also a 20-fold enrichment in the long-term culture-initiating cell content when the isolated population was added to irradiated cultures, with respect to the starting mononuclear cell population. Discussion: We have provided the first evidence that canine BM CD34+ cells constitutively express MMP-9 and the role of cSCF in up-regulating the secretion of this enzyme. The fact that cSCF augments expression of MMP-9 together with the ability of the isolated CD34+ cells to proliferate onto irradiated pre-established stroma enables further investigations to determine whether the secretion of MMP-9 mediated by cSCF is one of the factors that enhance migration, homing and repopulation of primitive hemopoietic cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-202
Number of pages10
JournalCytotherapy
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Canine CD34 cells
  • Canine stem cell factor
  • Homing
  • In vitro differentiation
  • Metalloproteinases

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