c-Kit+ Cells in Adult Salivary Glands do not Function as Tissue Stem Cells

Mingyu Kwak, Ninche Ninche, Sabine Klein, Dieter Saur, Soosan Ghazizadeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

A rare population of salivary gland cells isolated based on c-Kit immunoreactivity are thought to represent tissue stem cells since they exhibit the most robust proliferative and differentiation capacity ex vivo. Despite their high promise for cell-based therapies aimed at restoring salivary function, the precise location and in vivo function of c-Kit+ stem cells remain unclear. Here, by combining immunostaining with c-KitCreERT2-based genetic labeling and lineage tracing in the adult mouse salivary glands, we show that c-Kit is expressed in a relatively large and heterogeneous cell population that consists mostly of differentiated cells. Moreover, c-Kit does not mark ductal stem cells that are known to express cytokeratin K14. Tracking the fate of in vivo-labeled c-Kit+ or that of K14+ cells in spheroid cultures reveals a limited proliferative potential for c-Kit+ cells and identifies K14+ cells as the major source of salispheres in these cultures. Long-term in vivo lineage tracing studies indicate that although c-Kit marks at least two discrete ductal cell lineages, c-Kit+ cells do not contribute to the normal maintenance of any other cell lineages. Our results indicate that c-Kit is not a reliable marker for salivary gland stem cells, which has important implications for salivary gland regenerative therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number14193
JournalScientific Reports
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2018

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