Bubble formation on top of submerged needle and substrate plates

Saeid Vafaei, Panagiota Angeli, Dongsheng Wen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

The purpose of this investigation is to conduct a comparative study on the formation of bubble on top of a stainless steel needle nozzle and two substrate plate nozzles. The experimental study is conducted on a submerged needle nozzle with internal diameter of 0.51 mm and 0.155 mm thickness, and two stainless steel substrate plates with nozzle diameter of 0.4 mm and 0.51mm respectively. The experiment is carried out under low gas flow rates (0.015 ∼ 0.85 ml/min). The bubble formation is recorded by a high speed video camera and detailed characteristics of bubble formation such as the variations of instantaneous contact angles, bubble heights and the radii of contact lines are obtained, which show a weak dependence on the flow rate under the conditions of current work. Using experimentally captured values of the height of bubble and the radius of contact line, the Young-Laplace equation is solved, which is found to be able to predict bubble evolution quite well until the last milliseconds before the detachment. Interestingly, it is found that the trends of the variation of bubble volume expansion rate from the stainless steel needle and the substrate plate are different, however, the rest of bubble characteristics such as radius of contact line, bubble height, contact angle, and radius of curvature of bubble apex follow same trends as the time and bubble volume change for formation of bubble on top of needle and substrate nozzles. A force analysis of bubble formation reveals that the observed variations of contact angles and other characteristics during the bubble growth period are associated with the relative contribution of surface tension, buoyancy and gravitational forces.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationASME 2010 8th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels Collocated with 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting, ICNMM2010
Pages1687-1694
Number of pages8
EditionPARTS A AND B
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes
EventASME 2010 8th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, ICNMM2010 Collocated with 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting - Montreal, QC, Canada
Duration: 1 Aug 20105 Aug 2010

Publication series

NameASME 2010 8th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels Collocated with 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting, ICNMM2010
NumberPARTS A AND B

Conference

ConferenceASME 2010 8th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, ICNMM2010 Collocated with 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting
Country/TerritoryCanada
CityMontreal, QC
Period1/08/105/08/10

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