Broadband Purcell enhanced emission dynamics of quantum dots in linear photonic crystal waveguides

A. Laucht, T. Günthner, S. Pütz, R. Saive, S. Frédérick, N. Hauke, M. Bichler, M. C. Amann, A. W. Holleitner, M. Kaniber, J. J. Finley

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The authors investigate the spontaneous emission dynamics of self-assembled InGaAs quantum dots embedded in GaAs photonic crystal waveguides. For an ensemble of dots coupled to guided modes in the waveguide, we report spatially, spectrally, and time-resolved photoluminescence measurements, detecting normal to the plane of the photonic crystal. For quantum dots emitting in resonance with the waveguide mode, an ∼ 21 × enhancement of photoluminescence intensity is observed as compared to dots in the unprocessed region of the wafer. This enhancement can be traced back to the Purcell enhanced emission of quantum dots into leaky and guided modes of the waveguide with moderate Purcell factors up to ∼ 4 ×. Emission into guided modes is shown to be efficiently scattered out of the waveguide within a few microns, contributing to the out-of-plane emission and allowing the use of photonic crystal waveguides as broadband, efficiency-enhancing structures for surface-emitting diodes or single photon sources.

Original languageEnglish
Article number093520
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2012


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