Bright, stable, and efficient red light-emitting electrochemical cells using contorted nanographenes

Elisa Fresta, Kevin Baumgärtner, Juan Cabanillas-Gonzalez, Michael Mastalerz, Rubén D. Costa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


This work rationalizes, for the first time, the electroluminescent behavior of a representative red-emitting contorted nanographene-i.e., hexabenzoovalene derivative-in small molecule light-emitting electrochemical cells (SM-LECs). This new emitter provides devices with irradiances of ca. 220 μW cm-2 (242 cd m-2), external quantum efficiencies (EQE) of 0.78% (<25% loss of the maximum theoretical EQE), and stabilities over 200 h. Upon optimizing the device architecture, the stability increased up to 3600 h (measured) and 13 000 h (extrapolated) at a high brightness of ca. 30 μW cm-2 (34 cd m-2). This represents a record stability at a high brightness level compared to the state-of-the-art SM-LECs (1000 h at 0.3 μW cm-2). In addition, we rationalized one of the very rare LEC examples in which the changes of the electroluminescence band shape relates to the dependence of the relative intensity of the vibrational peaks with electric field, as corroborated by dynamic electrochemical impedance spectroscopy assays. Nevertheless, this exclusive electroluminescence behavior does not affect the device color, realizing one of the most stable, bright, and efficient red-emitting SM-LECs up to date.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)473-480
Number of pages8
JournalNanoscale Horizons
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2020
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Bright, stable, and efficient red light-emitting electrochemical cells using contorted nanographenes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this