Bisphenol A

Helmut Greim

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Bisphenol A (BPA, 80-05-7) is an organic compound used predominantly in the production of products made of polycarbonate plastic and epoxy resins that line food and beverage cans. People are generally exposed to minute levels of BPA, mostly from the ingestion of food or beverages that have been in contact with materials manufactured with BPA. Studies have shown that BPA has weak estrogen-like activity and that it is toxic at doses in laboratory animals that are orders of magnitude higher than human exposures. It has been suggested that BPA may be an endocrine disruptor at very low doses, but this is not supported by the preponderance of scientific evidence.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Toxicology, Fourth Edition
Subtitle of host publicationVolume 1-9
ISBN (Electronic)9780128243152
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Bisphenol A
  • Endocrine
  • Low-dose hypothesis


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