Basic effects on NOx emissions in air staging and reburning at a bench-scale test facility

Hartmut Spliethoff, Ulrich Greul, Helmut Rüdiger, Klaus R.G. Hein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

227 Scopus citations


Investigations on air staging and fuel staging were carried out with an electrically heated tube reactor. The effects of stoichiometry and residence time in the fuel-rich zone and the effects of temperature were evaluated for air staging with different coals and, in the case of reburning, for different gaseous reburn fuels. The results show the strong influence of residence time and stoichiometry, which may not be considered independently. The effects of temperature depend on the stoichiometric parameters. In air-deficient conditions, given by air staging and fuel staging, the NOx emission decreased with increasing temperature, whereas in oxygen-rich conditions the opposite trend occurred. In pulverized bituminous coal combustion, reburning is superior to air staging. While minimum NOx emissions of ∼250 mg m-3s could be achieved with air staging, reburning brought about values ∼200 mg m-3s. For brown coal combustion, the minimum emissions far below 200 mg m-3s with air staging could not be achieved with reburning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)560-564
Number of pages5
Issue number5
StatePublished - Apr 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • Air/fuel staging
  • Emission
  • No
  • Pulverized coal combustion


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