Balloon-expandable stents for recoarctation of the aorta in small children. Two centre experience

K. Gendera, P. Ewert, D. Tanase, S. Georgiev, T. Genz, P. Bambul Heck, T. Moszura, I. Malcic, J. Cleuziou, A. Eicken

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21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: In young patients with native aortic coarctation (CoA), the management of choice is surgery. However, in re-coarctation (re-CoA) surgery is associated with increased morbidity and even mortality. Some children with native CoA present relative contraindications for surgery. Methods: From 2006 to 2017, thirty-four patients (male n = 20; 59%) from two centres with re-CoA (31) and native CoA (3) were managed by stent implantation with premounted balloon expandable stents. Inclusion criteria were age < 3 years and >1 month, weight < 16 kg. Median age was 6,5 months (min. 1; max. 34 months), median weight 6,2 kg (min. 3,7; max. 16 kg). Thirteen patients (38%) had Re-CoA and hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). In three patients (9%) the native CoA was stented due to contraindications for surgical treatment. Results: All procedures were successful. The median peak invasive systolic pressure gradient declined from 31 mm Hg (max. 118; min. 4) to 0 mm Hg (max. 32; min.-7) (p < 0.001). The median minimal diameter of the narrowed segment of aorta increased from 3 mm (max. 6,9; min. 1,0) to 7 mm (max. 11,5; min. 3,5) (p < 0.001). There were no serious complications. The median follow-up time was 12,5 months (max. 88; min. 0 month). During this time ten patients (29%) required re-dilatation and two of them re-stenting. Conclusion: Percutaneous stent implantation for Re-CoA and in selected patients for native CoA can be performed successfully in very young patients with a good immediate hemodynamical result. However, repeated stent angioplasties and further on interventional ‘opening’ of the stent is necessary to augment the aorta to adult size.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-39
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume263
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Jul 2018

Keywords

  • Aortic coarctation
  • Bare metal stent
  • Congenital heart diseases
  • Hypoplastic left heart syndrome

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