AUGMENTING 3D CITY MODEL COMPONENTS by GEODATA JOINS to FACILITATE AD-HOC GEOMETRIC-TOPOLOGICALLY SOUND INTEGRATION

R. Kaden, T. H. Kolbe

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Virtual 3D city models are integrated complex compositions of spatial data of different themes, origin, quality, scale, and dimensions. Within this paper, we address the problem of spatial compatibility of geodata aiming to provide support for ad-hoc integration of virtual 3D city models including geodata of different sources and themes like buildings, terrain, and city furniture. In contrast to related work which is dealing with the integration of redundant geodata structured according to different data models and ontologies, we focus on the integration of complex 3D models of the same representation (here: CityGML) but regarding to the geometric-topological consistent matching of non-homologous objects, e.g. a building is connected to a road, and their geometric homogenisation. Therefore, we present an approach including a data model for a Geodata Join and the general concept of an integration procedure using the join information. The Geodata Join aims to bridge the lack of information between fragmented geodata by describing the relationship between adjacent objects from different datasets. The join information includes the geometrical representation of those parts of an object, which have a specific/known topological or geometrical relationship to another object. This part is referred to as a Connector and is either described by points, lines, or surfaces of the existing object geometry or by additional join geometry. In addition, the join information includes the specification of the connected object in the other dataset and the description of the topological and geometrical relationship between both objects, which is used to aid the matching process. Furthermore, the Geodata Join contains object-related information like accuracy values and restrictions of movement and deformation which are used to optimize the integration process. Based on these parameters, a functional model including a matching algorithm, transformation methods, and conditioned adjustment methods can be established in order to facilitate ad-hoc 3D homogenisation for consistent 3D city models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-220
Number of pages6
JournalISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Volume1
DOIs
StatePublished - 16 Jul 2012
Externally publishedYes
Event22nd Congress of the International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing: Imaging a Sustainable Future, ISPRS 2012 - Melbourne, Australia
Duration: 25 Aug 20121 Sep 2012

Keywords

  • Data
  • Integration
  • Interoperability
  • Matching
  • Model
  • Modelling

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