## Abstract

Chimera states, i.e., dynamical states composed of coexisting synchronous and asynchronous oscillations, have been reported to exist in diverse topologies of oscillators in simulations and experiments. Two-population networks with distinct intra- and inter-population coupling have served as simple model systems for chimera states since they possess an invariant synchronized manifold in contrast to networks on a spatial structure. Here, we study dynamical and spectral properties of finite-sized chimeras on two-population networks. First, we elucidate how the Kuramoto order parameter of the finite-sized globally coupled two-population network of phase oscillators is connected to that of the continuum limit. These findings suggest that it is suitable to classify the chimera states according to their order parameter dynamics, and therefore, we define Poisson and non-Poisson chimera states. We then perform a Lyapunov analysis of these two types of chimera states, which yields insight into the full stability properties of the chimera trajectories as well as of collective modes. In particular, our analysis also confirms that Poisson chimeras are neutrally stable. We then introduce two types of "perturbation"that act as small heterogeneities and render Poisson chimeras attracting: A topological variation via the simplest nonlocal intra-population coupling that keeps the network symmetries and the allowance of amplitude variations in the globally coupled two-population network; i.e., we replace the phase oscillators by Stuart-Landau oscillators. The Lyapunov spectral properties of chimera states in the two modified networks are investigated, exploiting an approach based on network symmetry-induced cluster pattern dynamics of the finite-size network.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 113101 |

Journal | Chaos |

Volume | 31 |

Issue number | 11 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 1 Nov 2021 |