Atrioventricular valve regurgitation in patients undergoing total cavopulmonary connection: Impact of valve morphology and underlying mechanisms on survival and reintervention

Masamichi Ono, Julie Cleuziou, Jelena Pabst von Ohain, Elisabeth Beran, Melchior Burri, Martina Strbad, Alfred Hager, Jürgen Hörer, Christian Schreiber, Rüdiger Lange

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37 Scopus citations


Objective: The study objective was to determine the mechanisms of atrioventricular valve regurgitation in single-ventricle physiology and their influence on outcomes after total cavopulmonary connection. Methods: Among 460 patients who underwent a total cavopulmonary connection, 101 (22%) had atrioventricular valve surgery before or coincident with total cavopulmonary connection. Results: Atrioventricular valve morphology showed 2 separated in 33 patients, mitral in 11 patients, tricuspid in 41 patients, and common in 16 patients. Patients with a tricuspid and a common atrioventricular valve underwent atrioventricular valve surgery frequently, 27% and 36%, respectively. Atrioventricular valve regurgitation was due to 1 or more of the following mechanisms: dysplastic leaflet (62), prolapse (53), annular dilation (27), cleft (22), and chordal anomaly (14). Structural anomalies were observed in 89 patients (88%). The procedure was atrioventricular valve repair in 81 patients, atrioventricular valve closure in 16 patients, and atrioventricular valve replacement in 4 patients. Among 81 patients who underwent initial repair, repeat repair was required in 20 patients, atrioventricular valve replacement was required in 7 patients, and atrioventricular valve closure was required in 3 patients. Among patients undergoing atrioventricular valve surgery, overall survival after total cavopulmonary connection (88% vs 95% at 15 years, P =.01), freedom from atrioventricular valve reoperation after total cavopulmonary connection (75% vs 99% at 15 years, P <.01), and grade of atrioventricular valve regurgitation at a median follow-up of 6.6 years (P <.01) were worse than in those who did not require atrioventricular valve surgery. Conclusions: Atrioventricular valve regurgitation in univentricular heart is more frequently associated with a tricuspid or a common atrioventricular valve, and structural anomalies are the primary cause. Significant atrioventricular valve regurgitation requiring surgery influences survival after total cavopulmonary connection, especially when atrioventricular valve replacement was needed. Surgical management based on mechanisms of regurgitation is mandatory.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)701-709.e6
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2018


  • Fontan procedure
  • atrioventricular valve regurgitation
  • congenital
  • functional single ventricle
  • heart defects


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