Atomic Undercoordination in Ag Islands on Ru(0001) Grown via Size-Selected Cluster Deposition: An Experimental and Theoretical High-Resolution Core-Level Photoemission Study

Luca Sbuelz, Federico Loi, Monica Pozzo, Luca Bignardi, Eugenio Nicolini, Paolo Lacovig, Ezequiel Tosi, Silvano Lizzit, Aras Kartouzian, Ueli Heiz, Dario Alfé, Alessandro Baraldi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The possibility of depositing precisely mass-selected Ag clusters (Ag1, Ag3, and Ag7) on Ru(0001) was instrumental in determining the importance of the in-plane coordination number (CN) and allowed us to establish a linear dependence of the Ag 3d5/2 core-level shift on CN. The fast cluster surface diffusion at room temperature, caused by the low interaction between silver and ruthenium, leads to the formation of islands with a low degree of ordering, as evidenced by the high density of low-coordinated atomic configurations, in particular CN = 4 and 5. On the contrary, islands formed upon Ag7 deposition show a higher density of atoms with CN = 6, thus indicating the formation of islands with a close-packed atomic arrangement. This combined experimental and theoretical approach, when applied to clusters of different elements, offers the perspective to reveal nonequivalent local configurations in two-dimensional (2D) materials grown using different building blocks, with potential implications in understanding electronic and reactivity properties at the atomic level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9556-9563
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume125
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - 6 May 2021
Externally publishedYes

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