Assessment of coronary flow reserve: Comparison between contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography

Tareq Ibrahim, Stephan G. Nekolla, Karin Schreiber, Kenichi Odaka, Stefan Volz, Julinda Mehilli, Martin Güthlin, Wolfram Delius, Markus Schwaiger

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159 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVES: The study compared flow reserve indices by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with quantitative measures of coronary angiography and positron emission tomography (PET). BACKGROUND: The noninvasive evaluation of myocardial flow by MRI has recently been introduced. However, a comparison to quantitative flow measurement as assessed by PET has not been reported in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: Two groups of healthy volunteers and 25 patients with angiographically documented CAD were examined by MRI and PET at rest and during adenosine stress. Dynamic MRI was performed using a multi-slice ultra-fast hybrid sequence and a rapid gadolinium-diethylenetriaminepenta-acetic acid bolus injection (0.05 mmol/1). Upslope and peak-intensity indices were regionally determined from first-pass signal intensity curves and compared to N-13 ammonia PET flow reserve measurements. RESULTS: In healthy volunteers, the upslope analysis showed a stress/rest index of 2.1 ± 0.6, which was higher than peak intensity (1.5 ± 0.3), but lower than flow reserve by PET (3.9 ± 1.1). Localization of coronary artery stenoses (<75%, MRI >1.2), based on the upslope index, yielded sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic accuracy of 69%, 89% and 79%, respectively. Upslope index correlated with PET flow reserve (r = 0.70). A reduced coronary flow reserve (PET >2.0, MRI >1.3) was detected by the upslope index with sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic accuracy of 86%, 84% and 85%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Magnetic resonance imaging first-pass perfusion measurements underestimate flow reserve values, but may represent a promising semi-quantitative technique for detection and severity assessment of regional CAD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)864-870
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - 6 Mar 2002


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