Artificial intelligence-derived risk score for mortality in secondary mitral regurgitation treated by transcatheter edge-to-edge repair: The EuroSMR risk score

on behalf of the EuroSMR Investigators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Aims: Risk stratification for mitral valve transcatheter edge-to-edge repair (M-TEER) is paramount in the decision-making process to appropriately select patients with severe secondary mitral regurgitation (SMR). This study sought to develop and validate an artificial intelligence-derived risk score (EuroSMR score) to predict 1-year outcomes (survival or survival + clinical improvement) in patients with SMR undergoing M-TEER. Methods: An artificial intelligence-derived risk score was developed from the EuroSMR cohort (4172 and 428 patients treated with M-TEER in the derivation and validation cohorts, respectively). The EuroSMR score was validated and compared with established risk models. Results: The EuroSMR risk score, which is based on 18 clinical, echocardiographic, laboratory, and medication parameters, allowed for an improved discrimination of surviving and non-surviving patients (hazard ratio 4.3, 95% confidence interval 3.7-5.0; P <. 001), and outperformed established risk scores in the validation cohort. Prediction for 1-year mortality (area under the curve: 0.789, 95% confidence interval 0.737-0.842) ranged from <5% to >70%, including the identification of an extreme-risk population (2.6% of the entire cohort), which had a very high probability for not surviving beyond 1 year (hazard ratio 6.5, 95% confidence interval 3.0-14; P <. 001). The top 5% of patients with the highest EuroSMR risk scores showed event rates of 72.7% for mortality and 83.2% for mortality or lack of clinical improvement at 1-year follow-up. Conclusions: The EuroSMR risk score may allow for improved prognostication in heart failure patients with severe SMR, who are considered for a M-TEER procedure. The score is expected to facilitate the shared decision-making process with heart team members and patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)922-936
Number of pages15
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Volume45
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Mar 2024

Keywords

  • Edge-to-edge-repair
  • Heart failure
  • Machine learning
  • Mortality prediction
  • Secondary mitral regurgitation

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