Arc behaviour on different materials in ASDEX Upgrade

the ASDEX Upgrade Team

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Arcs, a source of dust particles and a localized erosion mechanism of the plasma-facing components, are found in all major fusion plasma devices. Measurements of arcs require diagnostics with high temporal and local resolution, which are not available at arc dominated locations in ASDEX Upgrade (AUG). To understand the erosion by arcing and to allow extrapolation for future fusion devices different materials are used to scan the material properties. In AUG, inserts were installed at the inner baffle region to measure the erosion by arcing. The use of polished inserts allows an accurate determination of the arc traces by depth maps obtained by laser profilometery. It turned out that the melting temperature of the materials is the main parameter for erosion. For tungsten mounted at the inner baffle, a region which is deposition dominated, an erosion rate by arcing of 1.2·1013 at cm−2 s−1 is measured. For Beryllium, 9.5·1013 at cm−2 s−1 is extrapolated from its thermal properties. As martensitic–ferritic low-activation steel is under discussion for the use in DEMO, magnetic steels were also investigated. Comparing stainless steel with magnetic steel, much deeper and wider craters are found in the latter one: they reach a depth of −80 μm. The erosion of magnetic steel by arcs is 40 times higher compared to stainless steel, which has almost the same physical properties.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101083
JournalNuclear Materials and Energy
Volume29
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ASDEX upgrade
  • Arcing
  • Dust
  • Plasma wall interaction
  • Tokamak

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