Application of a high-speed breeding technology to apple (Malus×domestica) based on transgenic early flowering plants and marker-assisted selection

Henryk Flachowsky, Pierre Marie Le Roux, Andreas Peil, Andrea Patocchi, Klaus Richter, Magda Viola Hanke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

127 Scopus citations

Abstract

Breeding of apple (Malus×domestica) remains a slow process because of protracted generation cycles. Shortening the juvenile phase to achieve the introgression of traits from wild species into prebreeding material within a reasonable time frame is a great challenge. • In this study, we evaluated early flowering transgenic apple lines overexpressing the BpMADS4 gene of silver birch with regard to tree morphology in glasshouse conditions. Based on the results obtained, line T1190 was selected for further analysis and application to fast breeding. • The DNA sequences flanking the T-DNA were isolated and the T-DNA integration site was mapped on linkage group 4. The inheritance and correctness of the T-DNA integration were confirmed after meiosis. A crossbred breeding programme was initiated by crossing T1190 with the fire blight-resistant wild species Malus fusca. Transgenic early flowering F 1 seedlings were selected and backcrossed with 'Regia' and 98/6-10 in order to introgress the apple scab Rvi2, Rvi4 and powdery mildew Pl-1, Pl-2 resistance genes and the fire blight resistance quantitative trait locus FB-F7 present in 'Regia'. • Three transgenic BC'1 seedlings pyramiding Rvi2, Rvi4 and FB-F7, as well as three other BC'1 seedlings combining Pl-1 and Pl-2, were identified. Thus, the first transgenic early flowering-based apple breeding programme combined with marker-assisted selection was established.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)364-377
Number of pages14
JournalNew Phytologist
Volume192
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Early flowering
  • Fast breeding
  • Malus
  • Marker-assisted selection
  • Transgenic

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