Antisense expression increases gene expression variability and locus interdependency

Zhenyu Xu, Wu Wei, Julien Gagneur, Sandra Clauder-Münster, Miłosz Smolik, Wolfgang Huber, Lars M. Steinmetz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

145 Scopus citations

Abstract

Genome-wide transcription profiling has revealed extensive expression of non-coding RNAs antisense to genes, yet their functions, if any, remain to be understood. In this study, we perform a systematic analysis of sense-antisense expression in response to genetic and environmental changes in yeast. We find that antisense expression is associated with genes of larger expression variability. This is characterized by more "switching off" at low levels of expression for genes with antisense compared to genes without, yet similar expression at maximal induction. By disrupting antisense transcription, we demonstrate that antisense expression confers an on-off switch on gene regulation for the SUR7 gene. Consistent with this, genes that must respond in a switch-like manner, such as stress-response and environment-specific genes, are enriched for antisense expression. In addition, our data provide evidence that antisense expression initiated from bidirectional promoters enables the spreading of regulatory signals from one locus to neighbouring genes. These results indicate a general regulatory effect of antisense expression on sense genes and emphasize the importance of antisense-initiating regions downstream of genes in models of gene regulation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number468
JournalMolecular Systems Biology
Volume7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • antisense regulation
  • gene expression
  • non-coding RNA
  • transcriptome

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