Antireflux surgery: A current comparison of open and laparoscopic approaches

H. J. Stein, H. Feussner, J. R. Siewert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The technologic advances of laparoscopic surgery have recently resulted in a renaissance of antireflux surgery as a minimal invasive alternative to life long medical treatment in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease. The now vast experience has shown that, in experienced hands, laparoscopic antireflux surgery is feasible, shortens the hospital stay and recovery period, and provides a cosmetically more satisfying result than the open procedures. The rate of intra- and postoperative complications of laparoscopic antireflux procedures is, however, not significantly lower than that reported after open procedures. The laparoscopic approach is even associated with some additional sources for complications, i.e., trocar injuries, perforations of the esophagogastric junction, and herniation of the repair into the chest with a significant rate of early reoperations. Short term and intermediate results of laparoscopic antireflux procedures appear comparable to those obtained with the procedures performed via a laparotomy. Whether this is also true for the long term outcome will have to be shown by the follow-up of the large series of laparoscopic antireflux procedures that have been performed in the recent years. Before these data are available, one should be careful not to widen the indications for antireflux surgery just because the procedure can now be performed laparoscopically.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1328-1337
Number of pages10
JournalHepato-Gastroenterology
Volume45
Issue number23
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antireflux surgery
  • Fundoplication
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • Laparoscopy

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