Anther culture as a breeding tool in rape - II. Progeny analyses of androgenetic lines and induced mutants from haploid cultures

F. Hoffmann, E. Thomas, G. Wenzel

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49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Progeny analysis of androgenetic plants from inbred rape-seed (Brassica napus) shows that selective growth of microspores can occur in cultured anthers. The property of privileged growth in culture seems to be linked to such characters as flowering time and seed glucosinolate content which can be analyzed in regenerated plants. This type of selection and the fact that more variability is visible in regenerants from different microspores than in the progeny of the highly inbred anther donor line, demonstrates the higher degree of homozygosity in the doubled amphihaploids of B. napus. Furthermore, it is shown that haploid genomes of rape may be mutable. Thus it is possible to obtain several different homozygous lines from a single microspore. A system of haploid embryoids arising from single cells of the primary microspore regenerant has also been used to produce experimentally induced mutants. It is demonstrated that recessive mutations can be obtained in a homozygous state in doubled haploid regenerants from mutagenized haploid single cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-232
Number of pages8
JournalTheoretical and Applied Genetics
Volume61
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1982
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anther culture
  • Brassica napus
  • Muta-genesis
  • Rape-seed

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