Angiocrine Hepatocyte Growth Factor Signaling Controls Physiological Organ and Body Size and Dynamic Hepatocyte Proliferation to Prevent Liver Damage during Regeneration

Xue jun Zhang, Victor Olsavszky, Yuhan Yin, Baocai Wang, Thomas Engleitner, Rupert Öllinger, Kai Schledzewski, Philipp Sebastian Koch, Roland Rad, Roland M. Schmid, Helmut Friess, Sergij Goerdt, Norbert Hüser, Cyrill Géraud, Guido von Figura, Daniel Hartmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) control organ functions, metabolism, and development through the secretion of angiokines. LSECs express hepatocyte growth factor (Hgf), which is involved in prenatal development, metabolic homeostasis, and liver regeneration. This study aimed to elucidate the precise contribution of LSEC-derived Hgf in physiological homeostasis and liver regeneration. Stab2-iCretg/wt;Hgffl/fl (HgfΔLSEC) mice were generated to abrogate Hgf expression selectively in LSECs from early fetal development onwards, to study global development, metabolic and endothelial zonation, and organ functions as well as liver regeneration in response to 70% partial hepatectomy (PH). Although zonation and liver/body weight ratios were not altered, total body weight and total liver weight were reduced in HgfΔLSEC. Necrotic organ damage was more marked in HgfΔLSEC mice, and regeneration was delayed 72 hours after PH. This was associated with decreased hepatocyte proliferation at 48 hours after PH. Molecularly, HgfΔLSEC mice showed down-regulation of Hgf/c-Met signaling and decreased expression of Deptor in hepatocytes. In vitro knockdown of Deptor was associated with decreased proliferation. Therefore, angiocrine Hgf controls hepatocyte proliferation and susceptibility to necrosis after partial hepatectomy via the Hgf/c-Met axis involving Deptor to prevent excessive organ damage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)358-371
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Volume190
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2020
Externally publishedYes

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