Analyzing the Aging Behavior of Lithium-Ion Cells Connected in Parallel Considering Varying Charging Profiles and Initial Cell-to-Cell Variations

Markus Schindler, Philipp Jocher, Axel Durdel, Andreas Jossen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aging behavior and long-term cell-to-cell variations have been much more frequently investigated in single-cells than cells connected in parallel. In particular, the literature lacks a study investigating the aging behavior of cells in parallel that is based on defined cell-to-cell variations and on the results of a previous single-cell aging study. Moreover, present studies are unable to exclude the impacts of measurement systems on their final results. To counter this deficiency, a novel 4-wire measurement technique is used which does not influence the current distribution but allows both single and parallel measurements to be recorded without changing the measurement configuration. Cells in parallel generally displayed improved aging behaviors in comparison to those seen in the single-cell aging study and the positive influence of extended CV-charging was evident, as long as the CV-charging phase was limited in length. It was also observed that the exclusion of critical voltage ranges exerted the most significant influence on the aging rate and dominates the influence of initial cell-to-cell variations in the long-term. As a result, it is recommended that module manufacturers reduce the effort spent on initial cell matching strategies for cells in parallel in favor of developing cell-specific charging profiles.

Original languageEnglish
Article number090524
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume168
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021

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