Analysis and optimization of fault-tolerant task scheduling on multiprocessor embedded systems

Jia Huang, Jan Olaf Blech, Andreas Raabe, Christian Buckl, Alois Knoll

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

Reliability is a major requirement for most safety-related systems. To meet this requirement, fault-tolerant techniques such as hardware replication and software re-execution are often utilized. In this paper, we tackle the problem of analysis and optimization of fault-tolerant task scheduling for multiprocessor embedded systems. A set of existing fault- and process-models are adopted and a Binary Tree Analysis (BTA) is proposed to compute the system-level reliability in the presence of software/hardware redundancy. The BTA is integrated into a multi-objective evolutionary algorithm via a two-step encoding to perform reliability-aware design optimization. The optimization results contain the mapping of tasks to processing elements, the exact task and message schedule and the fault-tolerance policy assignment. Based on the observation that permanent faults need to be considered together with transient faults to achieve optimal system design, we propose a virtual mapping technique to take both types of faults into account. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first approach in fault-tolerant task scheduling that considers permanent and transient faults in a unified manner. The effectiveness of our approach is illustrated using several case studies.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEmbedded Systems Week 2011, ESWEEK 2011 - Proceedings of the 9th IEEE/ACM/IFIP International Conference on Hardware/Software Codesign and System Synthesis, CODES+ISSS'11
Pages247-256
Number of pages10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011
EventEmbedded Systems Week 2011, ESWEEK 2011 - 9th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Hardware/Software-Codesign and System Synthesis, CODES+ISSS'11 - Taipei, Taiwan, Province of China
Duration: 9 Oct 201114 Oct 2011

Publication series

NameEmbedded Systems Week 2011, ESWEEK 2011 - Proceedings of the 9th IEEE/ACM/IFIP International Conference on Hardware/Software Codesign and System Synthesis, CODES+ISSS'11

Conference

ConferenceEmbedded Systems Week 2011, ESWEEK 2011 - 9th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Hardware/Software-Codesign and System Synthesis, CODES+ISSS'11
Country/TerritoryTaiwan, Province of China
CityTaipei
Period9/10/1114/10/11

Keywords

  • Design optimization
  • Embedded systems
  • Reliability

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