Alterations in the antioxidative system of suspension-cultured soybean cells (Glycine max) induced by oxidative stress

Oliver C. Knörzer, Jörg Durner, Peter Böger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

276 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objectives of this study were the changes of antioxidative key enzyme activities under stress conditions induced by a peroxidizing herbicide using photoheterotrophically grown, suspension-cultured soybean cells (Glycine max L.). Within two days, 50 to 500 nM oxyfluorfen, a p-nitrodiphenyl ether herbicide, caused up to 100% inhibition of growth, while simultaneously, the chlorophyll was 25% to completely bleached. The major cellular antioxidants ascorbate and glutathione showed different responses. Under stress conditions with more than 250 nM oxyfluorfen, the cellular ascorbate concentration was halved, whereas dehydroascorbate remained roughly constant. The glutathione content (approximately one-fifth of that of ascorbate in untreated control cells) increased nearly 3-fold in the presence of 250 nM oxyfluorfen. Under this condition, oxidized glutathione was 5 times above the control level. The specific activities of selected enzymes participating in cellular defence, namely ascorbate peroxidase, glutathione reductase, monodehydroascorbate reductase, peroxidase and catalase increased by 40 to 70% with oxyfluorfen concentrations between 50 and 500 nM, while dehydroascorbate reductase showed a significant decrease. Glutathione transferase activity even increased 6-fold under oxyfluorfen stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)388-396
Number of pages9
JournalPhysiologia Plantarum
Volume97
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antioxidants
  • Glycine max
  • Halliwell-Asada pathway
  • antioxidative enzymes
  • ascorbic acid
  • diphenyl ether
  • glutathione
  • herbicide
  • homoglutathione
  • oxidative stress
  • oxyfluorfen
  • plant cell culture
  • soybean

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