Advances of air pollution science: From forest decline to multiple-stress effects on forest ecosystem services

E. Paoletti, M. Schaub, R. Matyssek, G. Wieser, A. Augustaitis, A. M. Bastrup-Birk, A. Bytnerowicz, M. S. Günthardt-Goerg, G. Müller-Starck, Y. Serengil

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

115 Scopus citations

Abstract

Over the past 20 years, the focus of forest science on air pollution has moved from forest decline to a holistic framework of forest health, and from the effects on forest production to the ecosystem services provided by forest ecosystems. Hence, future research should focus on the interacting factorial impacts and resulting antagonistic and synergistic responses of forest trees and ecosystems. The synergistic effects of air pollution and climatic changes, in particular elevated ozone, altered nitrogen, carbon and water availability, must be key issues for research. Present evidence suggests air pollution will become increasingly harmful to forests under climate change, which requires integration amongst various stressors (abiotic and biotic factors, including competition, parasites and fire), effects on forest services (production, biodiversity protection, soil protection, sustained water balance, socio-economical relevance) and assessment approaches (research, monitoring, modeling) to be fostered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1986-1989
Number of pages4
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume158
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2010

Keywords

  • Air pollution
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Climate change
  • Forests
  • Nitrogen
  • Ozone

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