Adult diffuse nesidioblastosis: genetically or environmentally induced?

Günter Klöppel, Martin Anlauf, Andreas Raffel, Aurel Perren, Wolfram Trudo Knoefel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Scopus citations

Abstract

Persistent hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia in adults is usually caused by solitary benign insulinomas. Nesidioblastosis, a term that has been used to designate a functional disorder of the β cells, is a rare cause of persistent hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia in adults, but seems to have increased in frequency. The histopathologic criteria for adult nesidioblastosis are similar to those used for the diagnosis of the diffuse form of congenital hyperinsulinism in infants and include β-cell hypertrophy, islet hyperplasia, and an increase in the β-cell mass. However, the degree and extent of these features vary much more from patient to patient than in newborns. The cause of adult nesidioblastosis is not known, but the recently observed association with gastric bypass surgery in obese patients suggests that a reactive process possibly unmasks or induces a defect in the β cell, resulting in its hyperfunction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-8
Number of pages6
JournalHuman Pathology
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adult nesidioblastosis
  • Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia
  • Pathology

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