Adsorption of carbon on Pd clusters of nanometer size: A first-principles theoretical study

Konstantin M. Neyman, Chan Inntam, Alexei B. Gordienko, Ilya V. Yudanov, Notker Rösch

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Adsorbed atomic C species can be formed in the course of surface reactions and commonly decorate metal catalysts. We studied computationally C adsorption on Pd nanoclusters using an all-electron scalar relativistic density functional method. The metal particles under investigation, Pd55, Pd79, Pd85, Pd116, Pd140, and Pd146, were chosen as fragments of bulk Pd in the form of three-dimensional octahedral or cuboctahedral crystallites, exposing (111) and (100) facets as well as edge sites. These cluster models are shown to yield size-converged adsorption energies. We examined which surface sites of these clusters are preferentially occupied by adsorbed C. According to calculations, surface C atoms form strongly adsorbed carbide species (with adsorption energies of more than 600 kJ mol-1) bearing a significant negative charge. Surface sites allowing high, fourfold coordination of carbon are overall favored. To avoid effects of adsorbate-adsorbate interaction in the cluster models for carbon species in the vicinity of cluster edges, we reduced the local symmetry of selected adsorption complexes on the nanoclusters by lowering the global symmetry of the nanocluster models from point group Oh to D4h. On (111) facets, threefold hollow sites in the center are energetically preferred; adsorbed C is calculated to be slightly less stable when displaced to the facet borders.

Original languageEnglish
Article number174705
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Issue number17
StatePublished - May 2005


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