Activation of pparα by fenofibrate attenuates the effect of local heart high dose irradiation on the mouse cardiac proteome

Omid Azimzadeh, Vikram Subramanian, Wolfgang Sievert, Juliane Merl-Pham, Kateryna Oleksenko, Michael Rosemann, Gabriele Multhoff, Michael J. Atkinson, Soile Tapio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Radiation-induced cardiovascular disease is associated with metabolic remodeling in the heart, mainly due to the inactivation of the transcription factor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα), thereby inhibiting lipid metabolic enzymes. The objective of the present study was to investigate the potential protective effect of fenofibrate, a known agonist of PPARα on radiation-induced cardiac toxicity. To this end, we compared, for the first time, the cardiac proteome of fenofibrate-and placebo-treated mice 20 weeks after local heart irradiation (16 Gy) using label-free proteomics. The observations were further validated using immunoblotting, enzyme activity assays, and ELISA. The analysis showed that fenofibrate restored signalling pathways that were negatively affected by irradiation, including lipid metabolism, mitochondrial respiratory chain, redox response, tissue homeostasis, endothelial NO signalling and the inflammatory status. The results presented here indicate that PPARα activation by fenofibrate attenuates the cardiac proteome alterations induced by irradiation. These findings suggest a potential benefit of fenofibrate administration in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases, following radiation exposure.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1845
JournalBiomedicines
Volume9
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Agonist
  • Cardiac metabolism
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Fenofibrate
  • Ionizing radiation
  • Label-free quantification
  • NO
  • PPARα
  • Proteomics
  • TGF-β

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