Accumulation of porphyrins and pyrrole pigments by Staphylococcus aureus ssp. anaerobius and its aerobic mutant

R. de la Fuente, K. H. Schleifer, F. Götz, H. ‐P Köst

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18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Abstract The anaerobic, Gram‐positive coccus Staphylococcus aureus ssp. anaerobius and its aerobic mutant MVF‐SR, when kept under anaerobic conditions, excreted coproporphyrin (mainly type III) into the medium and enriched uroporphyrin (mainly type I) within the cells. The rate of porphyrin synthesis stayed practically unaltered when the growth medium was supplemented with 50 μ g/ml 5‐aminolevulinic acid (ALA), but was significantly enhanced upon supplementation with hemin (0.5 μ g/ml). When hemin and ALA were given simultaneously, a more than two‐fold increase in porphyrin production compared to normal growth medium was observed. These observations indicate a stimulation of porphyrin synthesis in S. aureus by hemin. An as yet unidentified violet pigment with an intense red‐violet fluorescence under UV light (λ= 366 nm) was found to be present in considerable amounts in cells of S. aureus ssp. anaerobius, whereas the supernatant medium of aerobically grown cells of the mutant MVF‐SR contained an equally unidentified blue, non‐fluorescing pigment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-188
Number of pages6
JournalFEMS Microbiology Letters
Volume35
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1986
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Staphylococcus aureus ssp. anaerobius
  • porphyrin metabolism

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