A Switchable One-Compound Diode

Anna Vogel, Alfred Rabenbauer, Philipp Deng, Ruben Steib, Thorben Böger, Wolfgang G. Zeier, Renée Siegel, Jürgen Senker, Dominik Daisenberger, Katharina Nisi, Alexander W. Holleitner, Janio Venturini, Tom Nilges

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


A diode requires the combination of p- and n-type semiconductors or at least the defined formation of such areas within a given compound. This is a prerequisite for any IT application, energy conversion technology, and electronic semiconductor devices. Since the discovery of the pnp-switchable compound Ag10Te4Br3 in 2009, it is in principle possible to fabricate a diode from a single material without adjusting the semiconduction type by a defined doping level. Often a structural phase transition accompanied by a dynamic change of charge carriers or a charge density wave within certain substructures are responsible for this effect. Unfortunately, the high pnp-switching temperature between 364 and 580 K hinders the application of this phenomenon in convenient devices. This effect is far removed from a suitable operation temperature at ambient conditions. Ag18Cu3Te11Cl3 is a room temperature pnp-switching material and the first single-material position-independent diode. It shows the highest ever reported Seebeck coefficient drop that takes place within a few Kelvin. Combined with its low thermal conductivity, it offers great application potential within an accessible and applicable temperature window. Ag18Cu3Te11Cl3 and pnp-switching materials have the potential for applications and processes where diodes, transistors, or any defined charge separation with junction formation are utilized.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2208698
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number2
StatePublished - 12 Jan 2023


  • coinage metals
  • diodes
  • ion conductors
  • pnp-switches
  • polymorphism


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