A single-amino acid substitution in the adaptor LAT accelerates TCR proofreading kinetics and alters T-cell selection, maintenance and function

Wan Lin Lo, Miriam Kuhlmann, Gabrielle Rizzuto, H. Atakan Ekiz, Elizabeth M. Kolawole, Monica P. Revelo, Rakieb Andargachew, Zhongmei Li, Yuan Li Tsai, Alexander Marson, Brian D. Evavold, Dietmar Zehn, Arthur Weiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mature T cells must discriminate between brief interactions with self-peptides and prolonged binding to agonists. The kinetic proofreading model posits that certain T-cell antigen receptor signaling nodes serve as molecular timers to facilitate such discrimination. However, the physiological significance of this regulatory mechanism and the pathological consequences of disrupting it are unknown. Here we report that accelerating the normally slow phosphorylation of the linker for activation of T cells (LAT) residue Y136 by introducing an adjacent Gly135Asp alteration (LATG135D) disrupts ligand discrimination in vivo. The enhanced self-reactivity of LATG135D T cells triggers excessive thymic negative selection and promotes T-cell anergy. During Listeria infection, LATG135D T cells expand more than wild-type counterparts in response to very weak stimuli but display an imbalance between effector and memory responses. Moreover, despite their enhanced engagement of central and peripheral tolerance mechanisms, mice bearing LATG135D show features associated with autoimmunity and immunopathology. Our data reveal the importance of kinetic proofreading in balancing tolerance and immunity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)676-689
Number of pages14
JournalNature Immunology
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2023

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