A rare PALB2 germline variant causing G2/M cell cycle arrest is associated with isolated myelosarcoma in infancy

Angelina Beer, Ricardo Beck, Anne Schedel, Malte von Bonin, Jörn Meinel, Ulrike Anne Friedrich, Maria Menzel, Meinolf Suttorp, Sebastian Brenner, Guido Fitze, Björn Lange, Ralf Knöfler, Julia Hauer, Franziska Auer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Isolated myelosarcoma of infancy is a rare presentation of acute myelogenous leukaemia (AML). Because of its rarity and early onset in infancy underlying genetic predisposition is potentially relevant in disease initiation. Methods and Results: We report an oncologic emergency in an infant with thoracic and intraspinal aleukaemic myeloid sarcoma causing acute myelon compression and lower leg palsy. Whole-exome sequencing of the patient's germline DNA identified a rare PALB2 (OMIM 610355) variant (p.A1079S), which is located in a domain critical for the gene's proper function within the homology-directed repair pathway. In line with potential DNA damage repair defects mediated by the PALB2 deregulation, the patient's fibroblasts showed increased sensitivity towards radiation and DNA intercalating agents. Conclusion: Therefore, we suggest PALB2 p.A1079S as a pathogenic variant potentially contributing to the here observed patient phenotype.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1746
JournalMolecular Genetics and Genomic Medicine
Volume9
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • PALB2
  • extramedullary myelogenous leukaemia
  • myeloid sarcoma
  • tumour suppressor

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