A phase-shift-modulated LLC-resonant micro-inverter based on fixed frequency predictive-MPPT

Omar Abdel-Rahim, Nehmedo Alamir, Mohamed Abdelrahem, Mohamed Orabi, Ralph Kennel, Mohamed A. Ismeil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) control is an essential part of every photovoltaic (PV) system, in order to overcome any change in ambient environmental conditions and ensure operation at maximum power.. Recently, micro-inverters have gained a lot of attention due to their ability to track the true MPP for each individual PV module, which is considered a powerful solution to overcome the partial shading and power mismatch problems which exist in series-connected panels. Although the LLC resonant converter has high efficiency and high boosting ability, traditional MPPT techniques based on Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) do not work well with it. In this paper, a fixed frequency predictive MPPT technique is presented for the LLC resonant converter to be used as the first-stage in a PV micro-inverter. Using predictive control enhances the tracking efficiency and reduces the steady state oscillation. Operation with fixed switching frequency for the LLC resonant converter improves the total harmonic distortion profile of the system and ease the selection of circuit magnetic component. To demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed MPPT technique, the system is simulated using MATLAB/Simulink platform. Furthermore, a 150 W hardware prototype is developed and tested. Both simulation and experimental results are consistent and validate the proper operation of the developed system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1460
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2020


  • Fixed frequency
  • LLC resonant converter
  • MPPT
  • Micro-inverter
  • Phase-shift control


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