A Passivity-based Approach on Relocating High-Frequency Robot Controller to the Edge Cloud

Xiao Chen, Hamid Sadeghian, Lingyun Chen, Mario Trobinger, Abadalla Swirkir, Abdeldjallil Naceri, Sami Haddadin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

As robots become more and more intelligent, the complexity of the algorithms behind them is increasing. Since these algorithms require high computation power from the onboard robot controller, the weight of the robot and energy consumption increases. A promising solution to tackle this issue is to relocate the expensive computation to the cloud. In this pioneering work, the possibility of relocating a state-of-the-art nonlinear control is investigated. To this end, the Unified Force-Impedance Controller (UFIC) is relocated to a remote location and high frequency feedback loop is established by including the remote controller in the loop. Passivity analysis is used to ensure the stability of the whole system, comprising the robot in interaction with the environment, the communication channel, as well as the remote controller. The instability associated with the communication channel is resolved by Time Domain Passivity Approach (TDPA). The performance of the proposed framework is experimentally evaluated on a robot arm in interaction with the environment. The results illustrate the stability of the system to a time-varying delay of up to 50 ± 10ms.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - ICRA 2023
Subtitle of host publicationIEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages5242-5248
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9798350323658
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023
Event2023 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2023 - London, United Kingdom
Duration: 29 May 20232 Jun 2023

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation
Volume2023-May
ISSN (Print)1050-4729

Conference

Conference2023 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2023
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period29/05/232/06/23

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