A method to assess the quality of GNSS satellite phase bias products

Bingbing Duan, Urs Hugentobler, Oliver Montenbruck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


As part of the International GNSS Service (IGS), several analysis centers provide GPS and Galileo satellite phase bias products to support precise point positioning with ambiguity resolution (PPP-AR). Due to the high correlation with satellite orbits and clock offsets, it is difficult to assess directly the precision of satellite phase bias products. Once outliers exist in satellite phase biases, PPP-AR results are no longer reliable and the combination of satellite phase bias products from IGS analysis centers also gets difficult. In this contribution, we propose a method independent of ground measurements to detect outliers in satellite phase biases by computing the total Difference of satellite Orbits, Clock offsets and narrow-lane Biases at the midnight epoch between two consecutive days. Results over 180 days show that about 0.2, 1.1, 2.0 and 0.1% of the total DOCB values for GPS satellites exceed 0.15 narrow-lane cycles for CODE final, CODE rapid, CNES/CLS final and WUHN rapid satellite products, respectively, while the same outlier-ratios for Galileo satellites are 0.1, 0.9, 0.4 and 0.1%, respectively. As an important contribution to the orbit, clock and bias combination task, we check the consistency of satellite phase bias products between two analysis centers before and after removing these detected outliers from individual analysis centers. It is convincing that the number of large differences of satellite phase biases between two analysis centers is notably reduced.

Original languageEnglish
Article number89
JournalGPS Solutions
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2024


  • DOCB
  • GNSS
  • Outlier detection
  • Phase bias variation
  • Satellite phase bias


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