A Concise Overview of Safety Aspects in Human-Robot Interaction

Mazin Hamad, Simone Nertinger, Robin J. Kirschner, Luis Figueredo, Abdeldjallil Naceri, Sami Haddadin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


As of today, robots exhibit impressive agility but also pose potential hazards to humans using/collaborating with them. Consequently, safety is considered the most paramount factor in human-robot interaction (HRI). This paper presents a multi-layered safety architecture, integrating both physical and cognitive aspects for effective HRI. We outline critical requirements for physical safety layers as service modules that can be arbitrarily queried. Further, we showcase an HRI scheme that addresses human factors and perceived safety as high-level constraints on a validated impact safety paradigm. The aim is to enable safety certification of human-friendly robots across various HRI scenarios.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHuman-Friendly Robotics 2023 - HFR
Subtitle of host publication16th International Workshop on Human-Friendly Robotics
EditorsCristina Piazza, Patricia Capsi-Morales, Luis Figueredo, Manuel Keppler, Hinrich Schütze
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages18
ISBN (Print)9783031549991
StatePublished - 2024
Event16th International Workshop on Human-Friendly Robotics, HFR 2023 - Munich, Germany
Duration: 20 Sep 202321 Sep 2023

Publication series

NameSpringer Proceedings in Advanced Robotics
Volume29 SPAR
ISSN (Print)2511-1256
ISSN (Electronic)2511-1264


Conference16th International Workshop on Human-Friendly Robotics, HFR 2023


  • Human-robot interaction
  • gracefulness
  • safety


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