A Comparative Analysis of Word-Level Metric Differential Privacy: Benchmarking The Privacy-Utility Trade-off

Stephen Meisenbacher, Nihildev Nandakumar, Alexandra Klymenko, Florian Matthes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

The application of Differential Privacy to Natural Language Processing techniques has emerged in relevance in recent years, with an increasing number of studies published in established NLP outlets. In particular, the adaptation of Differential Privacy for use in NLP tasks has first focused on the word-level, where calibrated noise is added to word embedding vectors to achieve “noisy” representations. To this end, several implementations have appeared in the literature, each presenting an alternative method of achieving word-level Differential Privacy. Although each of these includes its own evaluation, no comparative analysis has been performed to investigate the performance of such methods relative to each other. In this work, we conduct such an analysis, comparing seven different algorithms on two NLP tasks with varying hyperparameters, including the epsilon (ε) parameter, or privacy budget. In addition, we provide an in-depth analysis of the results with a focus on the privacy-utility trade-off, as well as open-source our implementation code for further reproduction. As a result of our analysis, we give insight into the benefits and challenges of word-level Differential Privacy, and accordingly, we suggest concrete steps forward for the research field.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2024 Joint International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Language Resources and Evaluation, LREC-COLING 2024 - Main Conference Proceedings
EditorsNicoletta Calzolari, Min-Yen Kan, Veronique Hoste, Alessandro Lenci, Sakriani Sakti, Nianwen Xue
PublisherEuropean Language Resources Association (ELRA)
Pages174-185
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9782493814104
StatePublished - 2024
EventJoint 30th International Conference on Computational Linguistics and 14th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation, LREC-COLING 2024 - Hybrid, Torino, Italy
Duration: 20 May 202425 May 2024

Publication series

Name2024 Joint International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Language Resources and Evaluation, LREC-COLING 2024 - Main Conference Proceedings

Conference

ConferenceJoint 30th International Conference on Computational Linguistics and 14th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation, LREC-COLING 2024
Country/TerritoryItaly
CityHybrid, Torino
Period20/05/2425/05/24

Keywords

  • differential privacy
  • evaluation
  • privacy-preserving NLP

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A Comparative Analysis of Word-Level Metric Differential Privacy: Benchmarking The Privacy-Utility Trade-off'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this