3D deep-learning-enhanced void-growing approach in creating geometric digital twins of buildings

Yuandong Pan, Alexander Braun, André Borrmann, Ioannis Brilakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The challenge that this paper addresses is how to generate geometric digital twins of the indoor environment of buildings automatically. Unlike most previous research that starts with detecting planes in the point cloud and considers only geometric information, the proposed 'void-growing' approach is a full-automatic approach that starts with detecting void space inside rooms, considering geometric information, as well as semantic information predicted from deep learning. Then, based on the detected room spaces, structural elements, as well as doors and windows, are extracted. The method can work in (a) rooms with complex structures like U-shape and L-shape, (b) rooms with different ceiling heights and (c) rooms under a high occlusion level. Compared with previous studies that mainly use geometric information only, the approach also focuses on how to select useful information predicted by deep learning. This study used existing state-of-the-art deep learning architecture for the segmentation task in the proposed approach. By taking useful semantic information into consideration, the proposed approach performs better in creating geometric digital twins of buildings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-40
Number of pages17
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Smart Infrastructure and Construction
Issue number1
StatePublished - 14 Dec 2022


  • 3D reconstruction
  • Building Information Modelling (BIM)
  • deep learning
  • digital twin
  • point cloud


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