2,4-Dihydroxybenzoic Acid, a Novel SA Derivative, Controls Plant Immunity via UGT95B17-Mediated Glucosylation: A Case Study in Camellia Sinensis

Mengqian Lu, Yifan Zhao, Yingying Feng, Xiaoyan Tang, Wei Zhao, Keke Yu, Yuting Pan, Qiang Wang, Jilai Cui, Mengting Zhang, Jieyang Jin, Jingming Wang, Mingyue Zhao, Wilfried Schwab, Chuankui Song

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3 Scopus citations


The plant hormone salicylic acid (SA) plays critical roles in plant innate immunity. Several SA derivatives and associated modification are identified, whereas the range and modes of action of SA-related metabolites remain elusive. Here, the study discovered 2,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid (2,4-DHBA) and its glycosylated form as native SA derivatives in plants whose accumulation is largely induced by SA application and Ps. camelliae-sinensis (Pcs) infection. CsSH1, a 4/5-hydroxylase, catalyzes the hydroxylation of SA to 2,4-DHBA, and UDP-glucosyltransferase UGT95B17 catalyzes the formation of 2,4-DHBA glucoside. Down-regulation reduced the accumulation of 2,4-DHBA glucosides and enhanced the sensitivity of tea plants to Pcs. Conversely, overexpression of UGT95B17 increased plant disease resistance. The exogenous application of 2,4-DHBA and 2,5-DHBA, as well as the accumulation of DHBA and plant resistance comparison, indicate that 2,4-DHBA functions as a potentially bioactive molecule and is stored mainly as a glucose conjugate in tea plants, differs from the mechanism described in Arabidopsis. When 2,4-DHBA is applied exogenously, UGT95B17-silenced tea plants accumulated more 2,4-DHBA than SA and showed induced resistance to Pcs infection. These results indicate that 2,4-DHBA glucosylation positively regulates disease resistance and highlight the role of 2,4-DHBA as potentially bioactive molecule in the establishment of basal resistance in tea plants.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2307051
JournalAdvanced Science
Issue number7
StatePublished - 16 Feb 2024


  • 2,4-DHBA
  • Camellia sinensis
  • UDP-glucosyltransferase
  • pathogen resistance


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