β-Glucan Production by Levilactobacillus brevis and Pediococcus claussenii for In Situ Enriched Rye and Wheat Sourdough Breads

Julia A. Bockwoldt, Johanna Fellermeier, Emma Steffens, Rudi F. Vogel, Matthias A. Ehrmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sourdough fermentation is a common practice spread across the globe due to quality and shelf life improvement of baked goods. Above the widely studied exopolysaccharide (EPS) formation, which is exploited for structural improvements of foods including baked goods, β-glucan formation, by using lactic acid bacteria (LAB), offers additional values. Through renunciation of sucrose addition for bacterial β-D-glucan formation, which is required for the production of other homopolysaccharides, residual sweetness of baked goods can be avoided, and predicted prebiotic properties can be exploited. As promising starter cultures Levilactobacillus (L.) brevis TMW (Technische Mikrobiologie Weihenstephan) 1.2112 and Pediococcus (P.) claussenii TMW 2.340 produce O2-substituted (1,3)-β-D-glucan upon fermenting wheat and rye doughs. In this study, we have evaluated methods for bacterial β-glucan quantification, identified parameters influencing the β-glucan yield in fermented sourdoughs, and evaluated the sourdough breads by an untrained sensory panel. An immunological method for the specific detection of β-glucan proved to be suitable for its quantification, and changes in the fermentation temperature were related to higher β-glucan yields in sourdoughs. The sensory analysis resulted in an overall acceptance of the wheat and rye sourdough breads fermented by L. brevis and P. claussenii with a preference of the L. brevis fermented wheat sourdough bread and tart-flavored rye sourdough bread.

Original languageEnglish
Article number547
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalFoods
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • ELISA
  • EPS
  • High performance liquid chromatog-raphy (HPLC)
  • LAB
  • Sensory evaluation
  • Sourdough
  • Sourdough bread
  • Temperature effects
  • β-glucan

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'β-Glucan Production by Levilactobacillus brevis and Pediococcus claussenii for In Situ Enriched Rye and Wheat Sourdough Breads'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this