## Abstract

Dynamic response of base-isolated buildings under uni-directional sinusoidal base excitation is numerically investigated considering uncertainties in the isolation and excitation parameters. The buildings are idealized as single degree of freedom (SDOF) system and multi-degrees of freedom (MDOF) system with one lateral degree of freedom at each floor level. The isolation system is modeled using two different mathematical models such as: (i) code-recommended equivalent linear elastic-viscous damping model and (ii) bi-linear hysteretic model. The uncertain parameters of the isolator considered are time period, damping ratio, and yield displacement. Moreover, the amplitude and frequency of the sinusoidal base excitation function are considered uncertain. The uncertainty propagation is investigated using generalized polynomial chaos (gPC) expansion technique. The unknown gPC expansion coefficients are obtained by non-intrusive sparse grid collocation scheme. Efficiency of the technique is compared with the sampling method of Monte Carlo (MC) simulation. The stochastic response quantities of interest considered are bearing displacement and top floor acceleration of the building. Effects of individual uncertain parameters on the building response are quantified using sensitivity analyses. Effect of various uncertainty levels of the input parameters on the dynamic response of the building is also investigated. The peak bearing displacement and top floor acceleration are more influenced by the amplitude and frequency of the sinusoidal base excitation function. The effective time period of the isolation system also produces a considerable influence. However, in the presence of similar uncertainty level in the time period, amplitude and frequency of the sinusoidal forcing function, the effect of uncertainties in the other parameters of the isolator (e.g., damping ratio and yield displacement) is comparatively less. Interestingly, the mean values of the response quantities are found to be higher than the deterministic values in several instances, indicating the need of conducting stochastic analysis. The gPC expansion technique presented here is found to be a computationally efficient yet accurate alternative to the MC simulation for numerically modeling the uncertainty propagation in the dynamic response analyses of the base-isolated buildings.

Originalsprache | Englisch |
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Aufsatznummer | 109423 |

Fachzeitschrift | Engineering Structures |

Jahrgang | 197 |

DOIs | |

Publikationsstatus | Veröffentlicht - 15 Okt. 2019 |