Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt creation (TIPS) in the angio-CT—a hybrid intervention with image fusion

Jonathan Nadjiri, Tobias Waggershauser, Marc Mühlmann, Ursula Ehmer, Fabian Geisler, Ulrich Mayr, Tobias Geith, Philipp M. Paprottka

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung

Abstract

Objective: For transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation, ultrasound guidance for portal vein puncture is strongly recommended. However, outside regular hours of service, a skilled sonographer might be lacking. Hybrid intervention suites combine CT imaging with conventional angiography allowing to project 3D information into the conventional 2D imaging and further CT-fluoroscopic puncture of the portal vein. The purpose of this study was to assess whether TIPS using angio-CT facilitates the procedure for a single interventional radiologist. Methods: All TIPS procedures from 2021 and 2022 which took place outside regular working hours were included (n = 20). Ten TIPS procedures were performed with just fluoroscopy guidance and ten procedures using angio-CT. For the angio-CT TIPS, a contrast-enhanced CT was performed on the angiography table. From the CT, a 3D volume was created using virtual rendering technique (VRT). The VRT was blended with the conventional angiography image onto the live monitor and used as guidance for the TIPS needle. Fluoroscopy time, area dose product, and interventional time were assessed. Results: Hybrid intervention with angio-CT did lead to a significantly shorter fluoroscopy time and interventional time (p = 0.034 for both). Mean radiation exposure was significantly reduced, too (p = 0.04). Furthermore, the mortality rate was lower in patients who underwent the hybrid TIPS (0% vs 33%). Conclusion: TIPS procedure in angio-CT performed by only one interventional radiologist is quicker and reduces radiation exposure for the interventionalist compared to mere fluoroscopy guidance. The results further indicate increased safety using angio-CT. Clinical relevance statement: This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of using angio-CT in TIPS procedures during non-standard working hours. Results indicated that the use of angio-CT significantly reduced fluoroscopy time, interventional time, and radiation exposure, while also leading to improved patient outcomes. Key Points: • Image guiding such as ultrasound is recommended for transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt creation but might be not available for emergency cases outside of regular working hours. • Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt creation using an angio-CT with image fusion is feasible for only one physician under emergency settings and results in lower radiation exposure and faster procedures. • Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt creation using an angio-CT with image fusion seems to be safer than using mere fluoroscopy guidance.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seiten (von - bis)7380-7387
Seitenumfang8
FachzeitschriftEuropean Radiology
Jahrgang33
Ausgabenummer11
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Nov. 2023
Extern publiziertJa

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