TY - JOUR

T1 - Thermodynamics as a consequence of information conservation

AU - Bera, Manabendra Nath

AU - Riera, Arnau

AU - Lewenstein, Maciej

AU - Khanian, Zahra Baghali

AU - Winter, Andreas

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© Verein zur Forderung des Open Access Publizierens in den Quantenwissenschaften.

PY - 2019/2/14

Y1 - 2019/2/14

N2 - Thermodynamics and information have intricate interrelations. Often thermodynamics is considered to be the logical premise to justify that information is physical - through Landauer's principle -, thereby also linking information and thermodynamics. This approach towards information has been instrumental to understand thermodynamics of logical and physical processes, both in the classical and quantum domain. In the present work, we formulate thermodynamics as an exclusive consequence of information conservation. The framework can be applied to the most general situations, beyond the traditional assumptions in thermodynamics: we allow systems and thermal baths to be quantum, of arbitrary sizes and even possessing inter-system correlations. Here, systems and baths are not treated differently, rather both are considered on an equal footing. This leads us to introduce a "temperature"-independent formulation of thermodynamics. We rely on the fact that, for a fixed amount of information, measured by the von Neumann entropy, any system can be transformed to a state with the same entropy that possesses minimal energy. This state, known as a completely passive state, acquires Boltzmann-Gibbs canonical form with an intrinsic temperature. We introduce the notions of bound and free energy and use them to quantify heat and work, respec-tively. Guided by the principle of information conservation, we develop universal notions of equilibrium, heat and work, Landauer's principle and universal fundamental laws of thermodynamics. We demonstrate that the maximum efficiency of a quantum engine with a finite bath is in general lower than that of an ideal Carnot engine. We introduce a resource theoretic framework for our intrinsic temperature based thermodynamics, within which we address the problem of work extraction and state transformations. Finally, the framework is extended to multiple conserved quantities.

AB - Thermodynamics and information have intricate interrelations. Often thermodynamics is considered to be the logical premise to justify that information is physical - through Landauer's principle -, thereby also linking information and thermodynamics. This approach towards information has been instrumental to understand thermodynamics of logical and physical processes, both in the classical and quantum domain. In the present work, we formulate thermodynamics as an exclusive consequence of information conservation. The framework can be applied to the most general situations, beyond the traditional assumptions in thermodynamics: we allow systems and thermal baths to be quantum, of arbitrary sizes and even possessing inter-system correlations. Here, systems and baths are not treated differently, rather both are considered on an equal footing. This leads us to introduce a "temperature"-independent formulation of thermodynamics. We rely on the fact that, for a fixed amount of information, measured by the von Neumann entropy, any system can be transformed to a state with the same entropy that possesses minimal energy. This state, known as a completely passive state, acquires Boltzmann-Gibbs canonical form with an intrinsic temperature. We introduce the notions of bound and free energy and use them to quantify heat and work, respec-tively. Guided by the principle of information conservation, we develop universal notions of equilibrium, heat and work, Landauer's principle and universal fundamental laws of thermodynamics. We demonstrate that the maximum efficiency of a quantum engine with a finite bath is in general lower than that of an ideal Carnot engine. We introduce a resource theoretic framework for our intrinsic temperature based thermodynamics, within which we address the problem of work extraction and state transformations. Finally, the framework is extended to multiple conserved quantities.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85065860240&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.22331/q-2019-02-14-121

DO - 10.22331/q-2019-02-14-121

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85065860240

SN - 2521-327X

VL - 3

JO - Quantum

JF - Quantum

ER -