Reactions of cationic silicon clusters with xenon difluoride

W. D. Reents, A. M. Mujsce, V. E. Bondybey, M. L. Mandich

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung

25 Zitate (Scopus)


Cationic silicon clusters, Si1-7+, were observed to react bimolecularly and exothermically with xenon difluoride in the ion trap of a Fourier transform mass spectrometer. Three ionic products are observed from Sin+:SiF+, Sin-1+, and SinF+. Subsequent reactions of these products with xenon difluoride were determined as well. SinF+, n=2-6, react with xenon difluoride to form two ionic products: SiF+ and Si n-1+. SiFm+, m=1-3, react with xenon difluoride to form SiFm+1+, and XeF+. All observed products correspond to mono- or difluorination of the clusters by xenon difluoride; in many cases the reaction was sufficiently exothermic that the fluorinated cluster fragmented immediately to produce either Si n-1+ or SiF+. Based upon the observed trends in the product distributions, the extent of mono- vs difluorination of the clusters was obtained. The amount of monofluorination varies from 100% for SiFm+, m=0-3, to 0% for Si7+. By extrapolation, xenon difluoride should difluorinate bulk silicon exclusively. The reaction rates for the bare clusters differ only slightly among themselves. The monofluorinated silicon clusters, in contrast, have significant variations in reaction rate as a group. Substantially lower reaction rates are observed for Si4F+ and Si6F+; this is believed to derive from the greater thermodynamic stabilities of Si4 + and Si6+.

Seiten (von - bis)5568-5577
FachzeitschriftJournal of Chemical Physics
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 1987
Extern publiziertJa


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