Multipartite entanglement outperforming bipartite entanglement under limited quantum system sizes

Hayata Yamasaki, Alexander Pirker, Mio Murao, Wolfgang Dür, Barbara Kraus

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung

20 Zitate (Scopus)

Abstract

Multipartite quantum entanglement serves as a resource for spatially separated parties performing distributed quantum information processing. Any multipartite entangled state can be generated from appropriately distributed bipartite entangled states by local operations and classical communication (LOCC), and in this sense, any distributed process based on shared multipartite entanglement and LOCC is simulatable by using only bipartite entangled states and LOCC. We show here that this reduction scenario does not hold when there exists a limitation on the size of the local quantum system of each party. Under such a limitation, we prove that there exists a set of multipartite quantum states such that these states in the set cannot be prepared from any distribution of bipartite entanglement, while the states can be prepared from a common resource state exhibiting multipartite entanglement. We also show that temporal uses of bipartite quantum communication resources within a limitation of local system sizes are sufficient for preparing this common resource state exhibiting multipartite entanglement, yet there also exist other states exhibiting multipartite entanglement which cannot be prepared even in this setting. Hence, when the local quantum system sizes are limited, multipartite entanglement is an indispensable resource without which certain processes still cannot be accomplished.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Aufsatznummer052313
FachzeitschriftPhysical Review A
Jahrgang98
Ausgabenummer5
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 13 Nov. 2018
Extern publiziertJa

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