Multimodale Ultraschalltechniken zur Differenzialdiagnose von Milzherden – eine diagnostische Herausforderung

Konrad Friedrich Stock, Julia Slotta-Huspenina, Hajo Findeisen, Christian Görg

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung

Abstract

Background: Splenic tumors are rare and can pose a differential diagnostic challenge, especially as an incidental imaging finding. Due to a lack of large scale biopsy studies the available literature is limited with respect to clear imaging criteria for dignity. Objective: The present work is intended to show the chances of a targeted elicitation of the medical history as well as the possibilities and limitations of multimodal sonography in order to achieve the correct diagnosis of a splenic lesion using simple and gentle methods. Material and methods: Selective literature search and clinical case studies. Results: In the differential diagnostics of focal splenic lesions, information about pre-existing hemato-oncological or inflammatory rheumatological diseases is essential in order to correctly classify incidental findings in particular. In addition to B‑mode ultrasound (B-US) and color-coded Doppler ultrasound (CD-US), contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in particular provides crucial differential diagnostic information. While hyperechoic foci in B‑US or arterially hypervascularized splenic foci in CD-US/CEUS are usually benign, hypoechoic and arterially hypoperfused foci in CD-US/CEUS must be further clarified. Although the ultrasound-guided biopsy of the spleen has a higher risk of bleeding than a liver biopsy, it is still the gentlest and most effective method for achieving the histological clarification of splenic lesions when the indications are correct. Conclusion: Through the combination of the medical history and multimodal ultrasound methods, if necessary supplemented by an ultrasound-guided biopsy, focal splenic lesions can be successfully classified in most cases with a direct impact on further clinical procedures.

Titel in ÜbersetzungMultimodal ultrasound techniques for the differential diagnosis of splenic lesions — A diagnostic challenge
OriginalspracheDeutsch
Seiten (von - bis)1000-1008
Seitenumfang9
FachzeitschriftChirurgie (Germany)
Jahrgang94
Ausgabenummer12
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Dez. 2023
Extern publiziertJa

Schlagwörter

  • Lymphoma
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Spleen biopsy
  • Splenic tumors
  • Ultrasonography

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