Multi-scale systems genomics analysis predicts pathways, cell types, and drug targets involved in normative variation in peri-adolescent human cognition

Shraddha Pai, Shirley Hui, Philipp Weber, Soumil Narayan, Owen Whitley, Peipei Li, Viviane Labrie, Jan Baumbach, Anne L. Wheeler, Gary D. Bader

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung


An open challenge in human genetics is to better understand the systems-level impact of genotype variation on developmental cognition. To characterize the genetic underpinnings of peri-adolescent cognition, we performed genotype-phenotype and systems analysis for binarized accuracy in nine cognitive tasks from the Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental Cohort (~2,200 individuals of European continental ancestry aged 8-21 years). We report a region of genome-wide significance within the 3′ end of the Fibulin-1 gene (P = 4.6 × 10-8), associated with accuracy in nonverbal reasoning, a heritable form of complex reasoning ability. Diffusion tensor imaging data from a subset of these participants identified a significant association of white matter fractional anisotropy with FBLN1 genotypes (P < 0.025); poor performers show an increase in the C and A allele for rs77601382 and rs5765534, respectively, which is associated with increased fractional anisotropy. Integration of published human brain-specific 'omic maps, including single-cell transcriptomes of the developing human brain, shows that FBLN1 demonstrates greatest expression in the fetal brain, as a marker of intermediate progenitor cells, demonstrates negligible expression in the adolescent and adult human brain, and demonstrates increased expression in the brain in schizophrenia. Collectively these findings warrant further study of this gene and genetic locus in cognition, neurodevelopment, and disease. Separately, genotype-pathway analysis identified an enrichment of variants associated with working memory accuracy in pathways related to development and to autonomic nervous system dysfunction. Top-ranking pathway genes include those genetically associated with diseases with working memory deficits, such as schizophrenia and Parkinson's disease. This work advances the "molecules-to-behavior"view of cognition and provides a framework for using systems-level organization of data for other biomedical domains.

Seiten (von - bis)8581-8593
FachzeitschriftCerebral Cortex
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 1 Juli 2023


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