Modulation of acetylcholine-induced secretion of gastric bombesin-like immunoreactivity by cholinergic and histamine H2-receptors, somatostatin and intragastric pH

V. Schusdziarra, H. Bender, A. Pfeffer, E. F. Pfeiffer

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung

13 Zitate (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently we have shown the release of bombesin-like immunoreactivity (BLI) from the isolated perfused rat stomach. In these experiments we have shown that BLI secretion is stimulated by acetylcholine. Gastric inhibitory peptide (GIP) exerts an inhibitory effect which is dependent on the intraluminal pH. The present study was designed to examine further the exact cholinergic mechanisms and to study the interaction between cholinergic and histaminergic mechanisms as well as the effect of the intraluminal pH. Acetylcholine elicited a dose-dependent increase in BLI and gastrin secretion (10-6 M and 2 × 10-6 M), whereas somatostatin release was suppressed at luminal pH 7. Blockade of muscarinic cholinergic receptors by atropine (10-5 M) and nicotinic cholinergic receptors by hexamethonium (10-5 M) abolished the effect of acetylcholine on all three peptides. Reduction of the intraluminal pH to 2 also abolished acetylcholine-induced stimulation of BLI and gastrin secretion and the inhibition of somatostatin secretion. Changes of intraluminal pH per se had no effect on the secretion of either peptide. Somatostatin (10-7 M) reduced both BLI and gastrin secretion during stimulation with acetylcholine. The addition of the H2-receptor antagonist cimetidine (10-5 M) abolished the effect of both doses of acetylcholine on BLI and somatostatin secretion and also the effect of the lower dose of acetylcholine (10-6 M) on gastrin secretion during luminal pH 7. At luminal pH 2 cimetidine did not alter BLI and somatostatin secretion in response to acetylcholine, however, gastrin release was augmented in the presence of cimetidine. These data demonstrate that the effect of acetylcholine on BLI, gastrin, and somatostatin secretion is mediated by muscarinic and nicotinic cholinergic receptors and also by histamine H2-receptors. Somatostatin inhibits cholinergically induced BLI secretion. The cholinergic effects on BLI, somatostatin and gastrin secretion are abolished during an acidic intragastric pH. In this isolated perfused rat stomach model the inhibitory effect of intraluminal acid on gastrin secretion is, at least in part, mediated by H2-receptors. This suggests that the secretion of bombesin, a potential peptidergic neurotransmitter is modulated by neural, endocrine and local tissue factors and also by alterations of intragastric pH.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seiten (von - bis)189-198
Seitenumfang10
FachzeitschriftRegulatory Peptides
Jahrgang8
Ausgabenummer3
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Apr. 1984
Extern publiziertJa

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