Meta-Analysis of Short vs. Prolonged Dual Antiplatelet Therapy after Drug-Eluting Stent Implantation and Role of Continuation with either Aspirin or a P2Y12 Inhibitor Thereafter

Shqipdona Lahu, Peter Bristot, Senta Gewalt, Alexander Goedel, Daniele Giacoppo, Stefanie Schüpke, Heribert Schunkert, Adnan Kastrati, Nikolaus Sarafoff

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung

3 Zitate (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: The optimal duration of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation is an ongoing debate and novel data has emerged. The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess outcomes of short vs. control DAPT duration. In addition, the role of single antiplatelet therapy (SAPT) after DAPT with either aspirin or P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy was analyzed. Methods: The authors searched MEDLINE and Cochrane databases and proceedings of international meetings for randomized controlled trials (RCT) comparing ≤ 3 months with ≥ 6 months DAPT after DES implantation. The primary and co-primary outcomes of interest were definite or probable stent thrombosis (ST) and bleeding. In addition, we performed an analysis on studies who continued with either aspirin or P2Y12 monotherapy after DAPT. Results: 9 RCTs comprising 41,864 patients were included and we analyzed a short DAPT duration of median 1.5 months vs. 12.1 months in the control group. The risk for ST was similar with short vs. control DAPT duration (0.5 vs. 0.5%; hazard ratio 1.17[95% CI 0.89-1.54]; p =0.26). Bleeding was significantly reduced with short vs. control DAPT duration (1.9 vs. 3.0%; 0.65[0.54-0.77]; p<0.0001). ST was not different between short vs. control DAPT duration in the analysis of the 4 RCTs who continued with aspirin after DAPT and the 5 P2Y12 RCTs, respectively, and no heterogeneity was detected (p =0.861). Bleeding was also reduced with short vs. control DAPT in both the aspirin (1.2 vs. 1.7%; 0.71[0.51-0.99]; p =0.04) and P2Y12 inhibitor studies (2.1 vs. 3.4%; 0.62[0.47-0.80]; p =0.0003) and no heterogeneity was detected (p =0.515). Conclusions: Our meta-analysis shows that short DAPT ≤ 3 months followed by SAPT reduces bleeding and is not associated with an increase in ST. The results were consistent within the aspirin and P2Y12 SAPT studies.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seiten (von - bis)1001-1019
Seitenumfang19
FachzeitschriftJournal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Jahrgang29
Ausgabenummer7
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2022

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